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Pitipol




: 22/07/2009
ͺ: 332
: 114/2 .11 .觤¡Թ .ŧ .ͧ

ͺͺ: 22/02/2010 6:32 pm    ͡з: ÷ǹ ʵ ͺзͧ¤Ӿٴ(quote)

: http://www.surathai.net


÷ǹ ͹ 1 article

. ҭķʹ

÷ǹЪԴ բ鹵͹÷ӷᵡҧѹ硹 ͧҡЪԴ
ѡɳз͹ѹ 鹵͹Ӥѭ㹡÷ǹ մѧ

1. äѴ͡

йҷǹդسѵԴѧ

___1. դءʹ
___2.
___3. ա
___4. շѺзҹ

2. ѡ

ӼѺѡǹ 繢鹵͹Ӥѭҡ㹡÷ǹ
ҤسҾͧѡռŵѡɳФسҾͧǹѡ Ըա
ѡö 2 Ը

___1. ѡ駼 㹡ѡ駼 ͧʡѴ͡ҡ
ͧ ͼդ ¡ŧ㹹㹻ҳ

___2. ѡ੾йӼ ·仨зӡúպ鹹͡ҡ ¡úպ
Ѵ Ǽӵ

ʡѴӼǷӡѡ¡÷ͨԹ 㹸ҵԢͧ
лѺҳʹաѺͧâͧʵ㹡ѡ Ըա
¨Թö 2 Ը

___1. õ ѡԸաõ 繼դ еͧ
ʡѴբͧ õռµͤسҾͧѡ ѧ

______1.1 Դѭҷǹ ҡ㹡÷
______1.2 ͹ʪҵԢͧӼ¸ҵ٭
______1.3 õ Դء (cooked) ͧ ǹա
ҵԷ¹仨ҡҵ

㹷ҧçѹ õ͹ѡǹ բʹպҧҧ ·ʡѴ
÷繻ª͡ԭͧʵ ÷繻ªͼǹ
ҡҡ 觨Ъ·ǹդ (body) ٧

___2. շ㹡÷¨Թͧá͹ѡǹ
享俷 㹻ҳҧ 0.01 –0.02 Ѻ
Դͧйҷǹ 繼ʡáҡ § 㹻ҳ
ҡҼҴ


ʹբͧ

___1. ·Դҧá (glycerol) 㹻ҳ Ъ»Ѻ
اسҾͧǹ㹴ҹ鹢ͧǹ зǹʪҵԷա

___2. »ͧѹ¹ŧ ʢͧǹҧѡ纺

___3. ѡһҳǵԹշ㹹ѡ

ҧá ûСͺ俷բ 㹻ҳҡзԴ繾
ѧÿ͡աѺҧԴ


ûѺҳôйӵ㹹ѡ

ӼǨеͧӡûѺҳôйӵ㹹ѡ ջҳ
§ͷʵԭ 㹡ҧš㹻ҳҧ 9 - 14
% »ҵ ҳôҧ 0.4 - 0.6 лҳӵ
200 - 250 Ե բ鹵͹ѧ

___1. ӡõǨѴҳô 㹹Ӽѡ ¡÷ ѧ

ӡ 10 . ǹ 5 . ŧ㹢Ǵٻ ´Թſչ 2 - 3 ´
ѹ ÷Ѻδ͡䫴 0.1 ´ ҢǴ
ʹ зԴժٷ褧 ҵâͧδ͡䫴
ӹdzҳô㹹Ӽ ѧ

ҳôٻôԵԡ (%) = ҳδ͡䫴 x 0.14

___2. ӡûѺҳô㹹Ӽ

һҳô㹹Ӽӡҷͧ (ҡ÷㹢ͷ 1) ӡôй
(citric acid) ŧ㹻ҳӹdzٵ

ôԵԡͧ(/Ե) = (%ôͧ - %ôͧӼ) x 10

¡ôй㹻ҳӹdzŧ㹹Ӽ硹 ŧ㹹Ӽͧ
Ѻô

һҳô㹹Ӽջҳ٧ҷͧ (ҡ÷㹢ͷ 1) ͧӡŴ
ҳôŧ¡ӷҴ ¡äӹdz ѧ

ӷͧ (Ե) = (%ô㹹Ӽ - %ôͧ) x ԵâͧӼ %ô
ͧ

___3. ӡûѺҳӵ㹹Ӽ㹡ѡ

ӵ㹹ѡͧСͺӤѭ㹹ѡ ÷ʵзӡѡ
¹ӵš ӵū ͹ӵŷ¢Ǻط (refined
sugar) 繹ӵŷ㹡÷ǹҡش ҤҶ١ ʵ
ö¹š

ҳӵ㹹ѡ㹡÷ǹ 20 200 Ե 㹡
ѡǹҹ 25 250 Ե 㹡ѡǹҹ ѧ 㹡
ӵ㹹ѡͧӹ֧֧ҳӵŷ㹹ѡ ҵ Ըաäӹdz
ѧҡѺҳô㹹ѡ ӡѴҳͧ秷
á Ǥӹdz繻ҳӵŷ㹹ѡ ѧ

ص㹹ѡջҳô 0.6 % Ѵҳͧ秷 8 ͧ
ԡ ͧûѺҳӵ㹹ѡͷǹҹ ҡѺ 20 ӹdz

ҳͧ秷 8 ͧҺԡ դ»ҳҡѺ 8 ʴҹ
ѡ 1 Ե բͧ秷 80 ͧ秷 ¶֧
ҳӵСô㹹Ӽѡ ѧ ҳӵŷ͹֧ͧ
ѡźҳͧ秷 ǹ繡ô͡͹ »ҳҳô
ѧҧ 1.

ҧ 1. ʴҳӵ㹹ѡͧѡźͧ͡ҡҳô㹹
ѡ

ҳô (%)_______ҳӵŷͧѡź͡ (Ե)
¡ 0.6_______________20
0.6 - 0.9________________25
ҡ 0.9_______________30

ѧ 㹵ҧ˹ ҳӵ㹹ѡè 80 –25 ҡѺ 55
Եͧҡ㹹ѡջҳô 0.6 㹡ѡͷǹ
ҹ еͧӵաҡѺ 200 – 55 = 145 Ե
_________________
ɵáý֡Ѵ
ͧѺ


䢤ش Pitipol 22/02/2010 8:14 pm, 䢷 2
Ѻ仢ҧ
ʴǹǢͧҪԡ 觢ǹ Ҫ䫵 MSN
Pitipol




: 22/07/2009
ͺ: 332
: 114/2 .11 .觤¡Թ .ŧ .ͧ

ͺͺ: 22/02/2010 7:44 pm    ͡з: ͺзͧ¤Ӿٴ(quote)

÷ǹ ͹ 2 article

3. ѡѡ (Fermentation)

Դͧѡ
1..... ѡ੾йӼ 㹡ѡǹ
2..... ѡйӼ 㹡ѡǹᴧ ͷӡʡѴᴧ͡ҡ
ͧ͡ · բͧ͡ʡѴ¹ ö
ʡѴ㹹͹ йӷջҳš ·仨зӡѡйӼ
㹶ѧҡҧ ҳ 1 ѻ ͹ 㹡¡ҡҡ͡ ѧ
ҡ鹨֧ӡѡ㹶ѧҡ᤺

(starter)
ѵػʧͧ ͷТ»ҳʵ㹡ѡ ʵ
Ѻ (active) 㹡ӵҧš

Ѻʵ
㹵͹áͧѡ ʵ繵ͧѺ ǡ
ʿ ࿵ ਹ ǵԹ繵 ʵդç
㹻ҳ㹡ѡ ѧ Ҽ骹Դ˹ջҳҹ
੾мաͨҧ¹ҡ ֧繵ͧҹŧ

ਹѡʵͧ ¨ٻͧ࿵
(NH4)2PO4)

ҳ÷ʵ
࿵ ҳ 1/4 - 1/2 ͹ ͹ѡҳ 5 Ե
ҳҡ˵طǹ ͧҡõС͹ͧ÷
(cream of tartar)

࿵ 㹻ҳ 1/2 ͹ҵ͹ѡ 5 Ե õǹ
ਹ п࿵Ѻʵ

ǵԹ -1 չäô ¢ͧչ -ô
ѵǹ 1 1 㹻ҳ 3 . ͹ѡ 5 Ե

ҹ㹹ѡ͹ʵ ʵ㹡ԭԺ
㹻ҳ٧ش 觨㹪ǧ 2 3 ѹáͧѡ


ѡ (Fermentation)
ѡ繡кǹ¹ӵŷ㹹ѡͷš
(ethyl alcohol) Сҫ͹͡䫴 кǹѡ 2 ǧ ǧá
ǧʵӡջҳҡش 㹪ǧ繵ͧҡȡѺʵ ǧ 2
繪ǧͧ¹ӵš 㹪ǧʵͧҡ ѧ 㹡
ѡ֧繵ͧըءԴѧѡԴɷҡ öҫ͹
͡䫴Դҡѡ͡ 觨¡ءԴ ͡

ѡҾس٧ (ҡ 28 ͧ) зԴѡҧǴ
Ҿѡ ҧѡԴ͹鹴 ֧ʵ
觨ռŵͤö㹡÷ͻҳšͧʵŴŧ Ъѡ
Դô С¢ͧš سԷ㹡ѡ 20 ͧ


ѧ ѹաкǹѡ ÷ӡŴسԡѡŧԴѡ
ŧ ҹҹ ǹդسҾ ͡кǹѡشŧ
س٧硹 ҳ 24 26 ͧ ͪʵӵŷ㹹
ѡ


4. ¡ǹ (Racking)
ôٴ¡ǹͧǹ͡ҡС͹ѹѧѡشŧЪ ͧѹԴ
ʪҵԷբͧǹ Դͧҡʵ ͡ҡ ѧ繡
ӨѴʵ͡ҡش ͻͧѹǹջѭͧҡʵŧ ǹ
س٧зԴѡա ¹ǹѧҴЪ
ǹط лͧѹԴС͹ͤ蹢ǹѧ ѧҡ ӡ
ʵŧشԡҡѡͧʵ ¡
享俷 㹻ҳ 0.15 - 0.25 Ե
_________________
ɵáý֡Ѵ
ͧѺ
Ѻ仢ҧ
ʴǹǢͧҪԡ 觢ǹ Ҫ䫵 MSN
Pitipol




: 22/07/2009
ͺ: 332
: 114/2 .11 .觤¡Թ .ŧ .ͧ

ͺͺ: 22/02/2010 7:57 pm    ͡з: ͺзͧ¤Ӿٴ(quote)

÷ǹ ͹ 3 article


5. ú (Aging Maturation)
ǹ¡ǹشԡҡѡسԵ ҳ 0 - 15 ͧ
ҧ纨ѧաõС͹ͧǹԴ ֧÷ӡ¡ǹա
ѧҡá 3 - 4 ѻ ¡ǹ͡ҡС͹觷 Ш
ԴѭҡԴѡաѧҡúèǹŧ㹢Ǵ ҹ鹨
ǴԴԴ ѧ ֧ͧ㨡͹ҡѡصŧ Դѡա
͹úè 享俷ա 0.05 Ե ͻͧѹ
Դ͡പ蹢ͧǹ Сû͹ͧẤ ШԹ ա


͡䫴
ҫ͡䫴ûСͺդسѵԾ öͨԹ
ûͧѹ͡പ վɹ ҡ㹻ҳҡԹ仡öǨ
ͺҧ´´¡ô ͡䫴صˡǹ 3 ٻ
Ẻ Ẻҫ Ẻ«͡䫴㹹 Ẻͧ͢
͡䫴 觹çҹǹ좹Ҵ
俵 (KMS) 觨л¡ҫ͡Ҥ˹觢ͧ˹ѡ ҵͧáҫ
͡䫴ҳ 30 50 -Ե Ѻ駨Թ ֧ͧ KMS ҳ
0.1 Ե


ԡ͡പ

ǹ 繼ԵѳʶШ¹ŧҧЪ 蹡¹
(browing) ʪҵ¹ Դ һ͡ਹس٧ ͡
പ 繻ªǹҧԴ Madeiras Malagas о쵺ҧԴ ǹ
ҧԴҡա͡പ ԡ͡പ蹷Դͧҡ͹
ԡ͡പ ͧûСͺԡ ͹տչ͡ 㹹
ͧҨҡҷԭͧ ԡ͡പ蹷ǡѺ͹ Դҡ
ʡѺҡȢͧ catechol ǹԴ acetaldehyde ûͧѹ͡പ
«͡䫴 觨ЪѺ駡¹չӵ ǡѺÿԡ
⹹ Դ ͡ҡѧ¹ҹ ӻԡҡѺ͹տ
͡

ú繪ǧҷӤѭǹդسҾ úǹաͧ͡
ҹҪԴ (bouquet) ʪҵԷբ ǹءԴú§ԴþѲ
ͧó شǹЪԴ㹡÷Դ
(maturation) ҡѹ ҧԴ 6 ͹ 㹢зҧԴҨ繻
ҡҹ



Ѩ·ռŵ㹡ú

___1. ҳ͡ਹ ÷Դͧҡȷ§ͷԴ
͡പ ҡԹ仨зǹա ʪҵԷ

___2. ʧᴴ ʧᴴԴԡҷҧշͧ 觷 ʪҵԢͧ
ǹ ͡ҡ ʧᴴѧǹᴧշҧŧա

___3. س ÷ӡúǹ㹷 سԹ 7 ͧ

___4. ҳͧǹǹդسҾշش㹡 Ѳҡҹ ѧ
鹡úǹ㹶ѧз дաҡú㹢Ǵ㹢Ǵ

___5. Ҫкè ǹ㹶ѧꤨǹդسҾ жѧդسѵԷ
ҡȼҹ͡ ֧Դѭҡ÷ǹʡѺҡҡ
Թ Ǵ Ͷѧ൹ʫդسѵԷաüҹͧ͡ҡ
ӡ¹¶ѧء ͹ ʡѺҡȺҧ Ѻѧʵԡ ù
èǹ͡úҹҹ оʵԡ ੾оʵԡԴǢ դسѵԷ
ҡȼҹ͡ ֧ǹԴ͡പҡԹ ǹ
ʪҵԷ¹


¹ŧҧúС

ѧҡѡ ǹж١㹶ѧաûѺاʪҵ ǹ ء
(maturation) 㹢Ǵ˹ (aging) ԴʷԴ㹢Ǵ
ú͹èآǴҨ㹶ѧҴ ˭ 㹶ѧ ҧúԴ
ԡҵҧ 蹡µǢͧ͡പ ǹ ʪҵԴԺ ͧ
úͻѺاʪҵ ǹú㹶ѧ աʡѴèҡ ͧҡ
ع ֧Դ͡പ ÷ǹѺҡǹ
hemicellulose йӵ xylose lignin ᷹Թ չ ǹ
vanillin Ť⵹ furfurals ʷԴҧ㹢Ǵ
dimethylsulfide ûСͺ isoprenoid-terpene ǹҧԴ㹢Ǵ
ª ͧҡʨ٭ ջԡ ǹ Riesling
Semillon Chardonnay оѲҴբ㹢Ǵ Muscat Chenin
blanc բ ǹᴧ觡ʢͧͧҡѡö㹢Ǵ


6. ÷ǹ (Wine Clarification)

÷ǹ繻ѭҷӤѭѹ˹觷辺㹡÷ǹ ·㹡÷ǹз
ǹ쵡С͹¸ҵԨǹ ǹ 繵ͧաêµ
С͹ (fining agent) ͧ͡

Ҿҹ
ʶâͧǹҧҹҾӤѭش ͡õС͹ͧͷõ
potassium bitartrate calcium tartrate ͧҡö㹡
ͧ͹Ŵŧդ鹢ͧ š س㹡Ŵŧ
ǺõС͹ӤѭҡмѺǹյС͹ ͡ҡѧҨ
õС͹ͧõչ ໻䷴-᷹Թ ᫤ô õС͹ͷ
õ㹶ѧسԵӡ 5 ѹ ѧҨ§ ֧Ҩͧõ֡
(crystalization) 觡õС͹

õչǹ ҨС͹ҧ㹢Ǵ ͧҡŴŧҾ
ͧǹ 觢鹡Ѻ pH ͧǹ õչҹǹСͺͧõչͧͧ
ӨѴ¡ູ乷 õչҧǹѧ ູ֧乷Ѻǹ
pH õչջШ繺ǡ

«俷ѧ¡ǹ͡ Ъ㹡÷ǹʴ Ы俷
ԴǢͧС͹ е价鹶ѧ ͡ҡ 俷ѧ»ͧѹա
ԭ оѲҢͧʵ

˵СáӨѴ蹢ͧǹ
˵طǹ ѡԴҡҵԢͧ

1..... ྤԹ (pectin) ÷յҵ㹼 ྤԹԷԾҧҡͤ
蹢ͧǹ ǹྤԹҡҡз ྤԹդسѵǹ
з÷ǹ ÷Դդ ǹӨҡ
ྤԹ¸ҵԨöѧҡ ԡҡѡشŧ ѧ äǺ
ҳྤԹǹԸա÷÷ҧ ǹ

ѡǹ ҷҺҼջҳͧྤԹ٧ ö͹
ྤ (pectinase) ŧ㹹ѡ ǹ¢ й͡ҡ ͹ѧ
·öʡѴӼҡ鹴 ͡ҡ ͹ҧʡѴ
ѡ ѧǹա ʪҵԢͧҡ鹴

2..... (starch) ҧԴ ǧ 鹨 Ҩջҳͧҡ 駷ǹ
蹡ѹ Ҥ蹢ͧǹԴҡ öӡáӨѴ͹
(amylase)


êµС͹ (Fining agent)
ҧá ҡáӨѴ͹ǹѧ öêµС͹
êµС͹

___1. Ѻǹᴧ ǹջҳ᷹Թ٧ Ǩ仨ѺѺ
᷹Թǹ 1 ͧöС͹ǹҳ 20 Ե ¡õ
Ш繿ͧ ŧǹ ͹ҳ 50- 60 ͧ
秵 ǵ駷鵡С͹ һҳ 3 4 ѹ ֧
ٴ੾ǹ

___2. ҵԹ (gelatin) ¡ҵԹ 1 㹹 25 . ҳ 2
3 ٴ оͧ Դ繡͹˭դ ѧҡ ӡ
¡͹ҵ 100 . ŧǹͧ÷ ҵԹ
ŴաѺǹջҳ᷹Թ٧

___3. फչ (casein) Өҡô⹷辺㹹 ͹繵ͧӡ
´ҧ͹ 交๵ 5 .
100 . फչ 6 ŧ´ҧ ǵ
͡ ҡǴǻѺҵ (volumetric flask) Ҵ 300 .
Ө֧մ ͨҧ 2% फ๵
2 㹹 100 .

___4. ູ乷 (bentonite) 5 % 㹹Դþͧ
෼ູ乷ŧ㹹͹ ФʹԴáШµ ͡ШµǴ
Ǩ֧ǹ㹻ҳ 20 100 . ǹ 5 Ե 觢鹡Ѻ蹢ͧǹ ູ
乷 êµС͹ лʹ·ش

___5. (milk) Сͺफչѡ Ŵբͧǹŧ ǹ
Թ êµС͹ǹջҳ᷹Թ

7. úèآǴ (Filling)
ǹ աþѲҢͧ ʪҵ ͹úèآǴ
ື ͪ״ءǹҹ ҳšǹ ѧ
ҧ 2

ҧ 2 ʴҳືǹ͹úèآǴ

ҳšǹ ( % v/v)______ҳື (.Ե)

9_________________________________220

10_________________________________200

11_________________________________170

12_________________________________135

13_________________________________95

14_________________________________50


ͤþԨóҷӤѭ㹡úèǹ
úèآǴ繢鹵͹Ӥѭҡ㹡÷ǹ蹡ѹ ͧӴ¤Ѵѧ մѧ

___1. ͡ԴͧǴ բͧǴǹӤѭäӹ֧ ǹ㹢Ǵ
Դ͡䴫¡ǹè 㹢Ǵըҧ ǹᴧúè㹢Ǵ
ӵ ͻͧѹ¹ ǹǹҨè㹢Ǵ Ǵ
ա բҴ 㹡

___2. ҧЦä Ǵء㺤÷ӤҴҧմ¤͹ йҧ
çѴ ҧ¹Ҵա Ǥ æ㹢Ǵ
«͡䫴 2 % ҹ 15 ҷ Թ͡ ҡ͹ա
Ф紹 Դ騹Ҩ Ҩʹ͹ӡ ¡ù
ҳ 10 ҷ

___3. ء 졷 ѡɳТͧع´ ״ ͹
«͡䫴 1% չ硹 ҳ 2
չԴء лͧѹԴ秵 õء
Шз

___4. úèǹŧǴ úèк ҧ ժͧҧ͢Ǵ
ҳ 1 1.5 ФûԴءѹ ͻͧѹʡѺҡ ˵آͧ
Դ͡പ

___5. ûԴء нҤͺ ûԴءʹաѺҡǴ 鹻ҡǴ
硹 ѧҡԴء 駢Ǵ 2 3 ѹ ء ѧҡ鹹͹Ǵ
3 4 ѹ ͷͺҤ ͤ¡ Ǵ駴 ֧
ʵԡ Ϳ˴ ͻͧѹԴҢ ٺ
çǹ躹ء ҡȼҹ͡

ǹ Ҩʵԡ Ϳ Ҩ¨ǴԴء
¢ͧ䢼 1 ǹѺҿԹ 1 ǹ ֡ҳ 0.5 1

8. ûԴҡ (Labelling)
͹ǹ ûԴҡ͹ Һǹش Өҡ ͢
ҡûԴçҧǴ лԴ¡Ƿ¹ ͡͡¹
ŷóè´ǡѺǹ شѹ֡

9. ǹ
ǹӡúèآǴ 㹷سԹ 25 ͧ ͻͧѹ
Դ¹ŧ ʪҵ ǹèлԴ¨ء
¡ҧǴǹ͹ ء¡ʹ ͧѹҡ㹹
ǹҡԹ
_________________
ɵáý֡Ѵ
ͧѺ
Ѻ仢ҧ
ʴǹǢͧҪԡ 觢ǹ Ҫ䫵 MSN
Pitipol




: 22/07/2009
ͺ: 332
: 114/2 .11 .觤¡Թ .ŧ .ͧ

ͺͺ: 22/02/2010 8:17 pm    ͡з: ͺзͧ¤Ӿٴ(quote)

: http://th.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E0%B8%A2%E0%B8%B5%E0%B8%AA%E0%B8%95%E0%B9%8C



ʵ
ʵ (ѧ: yeast) ҡ˹觷ǹ˭ ٻҧ
Ẻ ٻҧ ٻҧẺй 繵 ǹ˭ա׺ѹẺ
Ըաᵡ˹ 㹸ҵ㹴Թ 㹹 ǹҧ ͧת ʵҧ
ԴѺŧ 㹡ТͧѵҧԴ 觷辺ʵ 觷
ӵŤ٧ Ӽҹ ʵҵ ѡлŧ
˵

ʵ繨Թѡѹҵҳ֧Ѻռ ʵ繨Թ쪹Դá
§ҹáǡѺʵ ͡üԵ쪹Դ˹觷¡ Boozah
ҳ 6,000 ա͹ʵѡҪ ѡªҡʵҹҹ 㹡
ѡҧԴ ҡ ͧͧͧªԴ
繵 Ѩغѹաùʵªصˡ» 繵ҡ
Եͧš Դҧ ǹ ʡ üԵ͸š
ԧ üԵʵ ʵ좹ѧõչ

Һҧö㹡üԵҺҧԴ ҷ
Ե͡äԢԷ੾ ਹ ԢԷ㹡
Ե

üԵʵسҾеͧҹѺͧҡʶҺѹ Leco ֧öѹҧ
絢ͧû ҹ Hermes Struers

ʵ դسѵ㹡¹ӵ繤͹͡䫴š ѡ
÷ӧҹͧʵ " ʵ" (Baker yeast) 颹ѧ ͧҨҡʵ
ŧաӵ駢ѧ ͷ¡ѹ "" (dough) ҧ
ѹԹѹ͡ਹ Ҥ͹͡䫵͡
ͺ ҫѹ͡ҡشҧ͢ѧԴپع


ǹǡ " ʵ" (Brewer yeast) ʵѡǹ ʪҵ
͹ҧعç ʵ Сͺ仴 ҵҡաô16Դ 14
Դ ԵԹ17Դ ͡ҡѧ٧ ѧ ʿ
ա駺չѧӤѭͧõչ֧16ͻҵʵ 30 ҡ
֧ 50%-55%
_________________
ɵáý֡Ѵ
ͧѺ
Ѻ仢ҧ
ʴǹǢͧҪԡ 觢ǹ Ҫ䫵 MSN
kimzagass
Ǵ
Ǵ


: 12/07/2009
ͺ: 11309

ͺͺ: 22/02/2010 9:25 pm    ͡з: ͺзͧ¤Ӿٴ(quote)

..... ѡͧ (ú.... Ȩ) СǴȢҴ˭٧Ǥ׹
˹ѡ 650 ͹ (Ҩ 325 .) Ңͧ͡Թ "ʴ" ѹ 1 лͧ

..... ѡͧͧʴ (ç١ҡ͹) " Ӣ"
"ӵ " աǹ "ӫǢ " Ҩ˭
...... . ʵ¹ӵš ¹繹ӵ
¹ӵš šѺԹ (ШӶ) 㹴Թҧ
Ѻѡͧա˹

ѧѡͧҹ
ا () Ѻ
Ѻ仢ҧ
ʴǹǢͧҪԡ 觢ǹ
Pitipol




: 22/07/2009
ͺ: 332
: 114/2 .11 .觤¡Թ .ŧ .ͧ

ͺͺ: 23/02/2010 12:49 am    ͡з: ͺзͧ¤Ӿٴ(quote)

: http://www.d-i-wine.com/mcontents/marticle.php?headtitle=mcontents&id=22959&Ntype=3

ʵٻ (ʵ) Ѻѡǹ

ʵٻ ҤҤ͹ҧ٧ дǡ ԷҾ 繷Ҿҧ
ѡǹ ѧöҹҹ ҡѧԴ

Winemaker 鹹ǹ˹Ըʵŧѡµç 㹢зաҹ
ա÷ʵ׹¼Ѻ (Rehydration) ¡͹ ʵ
Ѻ ըӹǹҡش ͹ѡ

Rehydrate ʵ ( EC 1118)
1. ʵŧ㹹 40 ͧૹô ҳ 10 Ңͧ˹ѡʵ ( ҡʵ 5
ͧ 50 ի) ҳس Ӥѭ ¹ŧ

2. ʵ § 5 10 Թҷ

3. ҧ 15 ҷ Թ 30 ҷ

4. ʵҡѹաѺ ŧ㹹ѡ

_________________
ɵáý֡Ѵ
ͧѺ
Ѻ仢ҧ
ʴǹǢͧҪԡ 觢ǹ Ҫ䫵 MSN
kimzagass
Ǵ
Ǵ


: 12/07/2009
ͺ: 11309

ͺͺ: 23/02/2010 7:17 am    ͡з: ͺзͧ¤Ӿٴ(quote)


ѡʵѺѡǹ һءѺʵ...... ʵ
쪹Դ º͹ʵѧ͹Ѻ (ػ) ͹ҹûءҵ
Թҧç͹աҤ Сͧ-աͧ ŧǹ
......ѡʵ蹹 ǨԹ 繩¤෾Ǵ ŧ


Թ͡ɵ Сͺ . Ấ. ʵ . ءԴ㹹ͤ
٧ ͡ਹ.觾ѧҹӤѭ ԭԺǵͧӢ鹨ҡ
ͷ ǹ㹷 "" ҡȨ֧öժ
.......ԵҨҡ "͹" ..... Щ Թ쪹Դӷҧµͧ
Ҵ蹹 ҵǨԹҡ "/" ͡ "
ҡӵ" ҹͧ


¡ҡӵ ŧԹ鹾ת ǵ鹾תԭԺⵧ͡ҧ ?
ͺ ¡ҡӵŷŧ㹴ԹŧԹШӶ
ҵԡ͹ ԴԹþ ͡ҡ (Թ
ѵ) ͺ Թҡӵѹͪҹ ǹ 駢
ѹ WORK ..... ԧ ֡繼ŧҹͧԹ
˹ 蹤ͼŧҹͧԹШӶ蹷ҵԡ͹Ƿ

ԹժԵ ͧǴ ԹҨҡͧҴ
Ǵ/ا/ͧ еẺҡ͹ ¹
Ǵͧ¹¹ ԹͧѺͧҡѺǴ
..... ͧҡԹѵ դçѡ§ ͻѺ
ѺǴͧ ͨԹŧ仵 ? ӵͺ
觾ѧҹԹѺԹШӶ蹹ͧ


ԹԹҹ (觾ѧҹ) ҡӵ. ӵ (㹤) ¹.
. Ӽ. о. ӵʴҡǧ/о. ӽѡ. Ӥ鹼.
. ..... Թ ª. Ӥ鹼. (Ӥͧ蹷ǹ
觾ѧҹͧʵǹ). 繵



اѺ

..
1..... Ҩ繵ͧ "" Թ ͨ͡Թ쪹Դ "" дա
2..... 㹶ѧѡʴ駵 Թ ѡ§ 3 ѻ
ʴ駵ѧ¡繹
Ѻ仢ҧ
ʴǹǢͧҪԡ 觢ǹ
Jackpui
˹Ǵ
˹Ǵ


: 14/07/2020
ͺ: 1

ͺͺ: 14/07/2020 12:37 pm    ͡з: ǹ ͺзͧ¤Ӿٴ(quote)

ͺѺ ҡǹʪҵҧôդѺ
Ѻ仢ҧ
ʴǹǢͧҪԡ 觢ǹ
kimzagass
Ǵ
Ǵ


: 12/07/2009
ͺ: 11309

ͺͺ: 14/07/2020 1:36 pm    ͡з: ͺзͧ¤Ӿٴ(quote)

.
.
https://www.lucariscrystal.com/th/wine-basics-6-techniques-to-pair-wine-with-food/


.
Ѻ仢ҧ
ʴǹǢͧҪԡ 觢ǹ
kimzagass
Ǵ
Ǵ


: 12/07/2009
ͺ: 11309

ͺͺ: 05/08/2022 2:35 pm    ͡з: ͺзͧ¤Ӿٴ(quote)

....
Ѻ仢ҧ
ʴǹǢͧҪԡ 觢ǹ
ʴõͺ͹:   
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